The first mention of the château de Roquefixade appears in texts in the 11th century. A settlement was then built up at the foot of the citadel forming a fortified complex, also known as castrum.
In the Middle Ages, this stronghold was held by the lords of Pailhès, who embraced the Cathar faith. Duringthe crusade against the Albigensians, they were in every battle alongside the Counts of Toulouse and Foix, whose vassals they were. Guy de Montfort and his troops are said to have punished their boldness by setting fire to the village in 1212.
After this terrible episode, Roquefixade was bought back by the King of France, Philippe le Hardi, who decided to rebuild a royal fortress there. The main building was erected on an arch spanning a large fault that gave rise to the name “roca fissada“, meaning cracked rock. The château underwent several alterations over the following centuries, but was finally destroyed by order of Louis XIII, at the expense of the people of Roquefixade.